Updated October 31, 2016
Updated June 7, 2017
- Nuclear closures threaten coal lock-in.
- Of the 94 gigawatts (GW) of installed nuclear capacity globally at risk of being prematurely retired before 2025, 45 GW are in Europe.
- Nuclear as a percentage of the European Union electricity, declined from 31 to 28 percent between 2000 and 2014.
- European Commission estimates electricity from nuclear nuclear will decline another 20 percent by 2025.
German emissions flat due to failure of solar and wind to make up loss of nuclear plants.
Germany plans to prematurely close 13 GW of nuclear power in coming years.
Sweden has 9 reactors that provide 43 percent of its electricity. All are at risk of premature closure.
Main drivers of closure threat are anti-nuclear tax imposed by government, as well as discriminatory subsidies and mandates for wind but not nuclear.
Most nuclear reactors in Sweden are majority-owned by Vattenfall, which is a 100% state-owned utility company.
Tax = 25% of production cost and 33% of consumer price.
There is no plan to replace nuclear with alternative low-carbon energy source.
Sweden's rapid deployment of nuclear in the 1970s and 80s was the fastest scale-up of clean energy in world history.
Seven nuclear reactors provide 47 percent of Belgium's electricity.
Belgium government has imposed a 0.5 cent/kWh anti-nuclear tax whose revenue is used to subsidize both natural gas and wind.
All seven reactors are scheduled to be closed by 2025, four of which would be retired 20 - 40 years prematurely (before their 60 to 80-year life span).
If all seven reactors are closed by 2025 they will be replaced overwhelmingly by fossil fuels.
Unless something changes, UK will lose a net 6 GW of 8 GW total of its nuclear power by 2023.
Nuclear in UK was not included in subsidies provided for wind, and efforts to build a new nuclear plant have been delayed due to political reaction against perceived high cost of a new plant at Hinkley.
Swiss voters decided in May 2017 to close down all five of the country's nuclear reactors, which provide 38 percent of the country's electricity.
Swiss nuclear plants would be replaced overwhelmingly by coal and natural gas.
France generates 75 percent of its electricity from nuclear and in 2015 passed a law that requires that nuclear power be limited to 50 percent of the country's total installed electrical capacity.