Updated July 28, 2017


  • Sweden’s electricity sector has among the lowest greenhouse gas emissions in the world, with the majority of its electricity mix coming from nuclear (about 40 percent) and hydroelectric (about 45 percent).

  • Sweden’s individual electricity consumption is already among the highest in the world, and the country’s overall electricity consumption is rising.

  • In 2010, Parliament repealed a 1980 policy promising to phase out nuclear. 

  • After Japan’s Fukushima disaster, the nuclear regulator updated safety requirements demanding the four oldest operational reactors to be retrofitted, at a cost to operators.

  • By 2020, Sweden will have decommissioned four reactors in five years, reducing nuclear’s total generating capacity in the country by 2.7 GWe net. 

  • Since the 1990s, nuclear power in Sweden has been subject to a penalty tax specific to nuclear reactors. In 2015 it was announced that the tax would finally be phased out in 2019.

  • The Swedish nuclear industry is financially responsible for all costs related to decommissioning and final storage of spent nuclear fuel. 

Banner photo credit: Timo Horstschäfer